Economy of Ukraine
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№ 4/2020

Ekon Ukr. 2020 (4): 39–55
https://doi.org/10.15407/economyukr.2020.04.039

PROBLEMS OF REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND DECENTRALIZATION

УДК 332.1

JEL:

STORONYANSKA Iryna1, MELNYK Mariana2, LESHCHUKH Iryna3

1Institute of Regional Research named after M.I. Dolishniy of the NAS of Ukraine, Research ID : http://www.researcherid.com/rid/
OrcID ID : https://orcid.org/https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0237-1409
2Institute of Regional Research named after M. I. Dolishniy of the NAS of Ukraine
OrcID ID : https://orcid.org/https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8869-8666
3Institute of Regional Research named after M. I. Dolishniy of the NAS of Ukraine
OrcID ID : https://orcid.org/http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3860-0728


PRECONDITIONS AND STRATEGIC PRIORITIES FOR A REGION'S SMART SPECIALIZATION


Today, smart specialization is a key component of cooperation within the European Neighborhood Policy on the possibility of using European structural and investment funds in Ukraine.
Therefore, the purpose of the article is to investigate on the example of Zaporizhzhya Oblast the preconditions and strategic priorities of smart specialization of Ukrainian regions. For this purpose, the following indicators are analyzed, including in the Zaporizhzhya region:
• foreign experience and domestic realities of the smart specialization concept implementation;
• structure of economy of the region in terms of output of products and services;
• structure of employment of employees;
• concentration of major economic activities;
• economic potential of economic activities of the region by the integrated indicator of concentration and share of exports of economic activities in the total volume of exports of the region.
Based on the study of statistical and analytical information on research and innovation activities in the region in terms of types and subtypes of economic activity, as well as taking into account the development of the necessary infrastructure, the potential of related industries, investment attractiveness, etc., the list of activities that can form the basis for smart specialization of Zaporizhzhya Oblast is determined.
It is established that the determinant of strategic planning for regional development should be the adequacy of systemic legislative regulation of the said mechanism on the basis of innovative orientation. Therefore, the following are relevant: specifying the priorities of national regional policy of the national, sectoral and regional levels; establishment of a clear list of priority areas of innovation activity for the years 2021-2030 at the national, sectoral and regional levels; encouraging the introduction and dissemination of strategic planning practices for urban and rural development based on smart specialization.
This will contribute to the systematic strategic planning of the development of Ukrainian regions, as well as to the growth of innovation activity and investment attractiveness of the territories and the country as a whole.


Keywords:smart specialization; region; regional economy; development strategy; concept of smart specialization.

Article original in Ukrainian (pp. 39 - 55) DownloadDownloads :115
The article was received by the Editorial staff on October 18 , 2019

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