Economy of Ukraine
Published since September 1958

№ 2/2023

Ekon Ukr. 2023 (2): 17–54


УДК 331.5.024.52

JEL: E17, E24, E27, E61, J60


1Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine, Research ID :
OrcID ID :
2Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine, Research ID :
OrcID ID :
3Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine, Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University , Research ID :
OrcID ID :


The theoretical substantiation of the essence and content of the "labor sphere" concept is provided, its significance and influence on the system of social relations is revealed. The organizational and managerial structure of the labor sphere as a social institution in the system of national economy is presented, and its role in ensuring the adaptation of Ukraine’s labor environment to European requirements is revealed.
The results of the authors’ scientific research on the development of scientific and methodological framework for assessing the level of imbalance in the labor sphere of Ukraine are presented, the main conditions and reasons for the deepening of imbalance in the labor sphere of Ukraine during wartime, which leads to the intensifying impact of social risks and dangers on people, national economy, and the country, are considered. The main imbalances in the labor sphere and the socio-economic consequences of their manifestation in the conditions of martial law are systematized.
In the system of scientific and methodological support, the authors propose novel methods for assessing the irreversible losses of Ukraine’s labor potential due to the deaths of military personnel and civilian population; assessing the temporary and partial losses of labor potential during wartime determined by the duration of unemployment of the displaced population within the country, their departure abroad, employment opportunities in a new place, the probability of return after the end of the war.
The developed algorithm for the construction of integral estimates of the imbalance in Ukraine’s labor sphere is based on the conceptual foundations of the methodology for the development of European social indicators system with the adjustment of the generalized model of their construction. Indicators of the conditions for ensuring balance and balanced development of labor sphere during wartime are developed and substantiated. Approbation of the developed algorithm for the construction of integral estimates, which determine changes in the labor sphere balance levels in quantitative and qualitative dimensions, is carried out; emphasis is placed on the need to ensure strategic management of the labor sphere in Ukraine under martial law and during post-war recovery. The expediency of balancing labor and economic security, human development, overcoming poverty, food security, etc., which are the components of the current national security strategy of Ukraine, is substantiated.

Keywords:imbalance; labor sphere; martial law; integral indicator; social risks; labor market; labor and educational potential; post-war recovery and development strategies

Article original in Ukrainian (pp. 17 - 54) DownloadDownloads :137
The article was received by the Editorial staff on December 27 , 2022


1. Deineko L., Kushnirenko O., Tsyplitska O., Gakhovych N. Ukrainian economy during the military aggression of the Russian Federation and in the period of post-war recovery. Economy of Ukraine, 2022, No. 5, pp. 3-25 [in Ukrainian].

2. Ostashko T. Ukraine's agricultural export in the conditions of war and the ways of its recovery. Economy of Ukraine, 2020, No. 5, pp. 26-37 [in Ukrainian].

3. Bobukh I. Ukraine in the dimensions of inclusiveness and institutional development. Economy of Ukraine, 2022, No. 5, pp. 38-58 [in Ukrainian].

4. Piliaiev I. Transformation of globalization processes in the context of the consequences of full-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine. Economy of Ukraine, 2022, No. 7, pp. 3-20 [in Ukrainian].

5. Shubravska O., Prokopenko K. Ensuring food security of Ukraine: post-war context. Economy of Ukraine, 2022, No. 7, pp. 21-42 [in Ukrainian].

6. Zveryakov M. Formation of the economic development model in new historical realities. Economy of Ukraine, 2022, No. 8, pp. 3-19 [in Ukrainian].

7. Antoniuk V. War-induced human capital losses as a threat to the post-war modernization of Ukraine's economy. Economy of Ukraine, 2022, No. 8, pp. 20-33 [in Ukrainian].

8. Humeniuk V. Foreign experience of post-war transformation of public administration and lessons for Ukraine. Economy of Ukraine, 2022, No. 8, pp. 34-54[in Ukrainian].

9. Varnalii Z., Vasyltsiv T., Levytska O. Migration security of the state as a basis for preservation and development of intellectual capital of Ukrainian economy. Economy of Ukraine, 2022, No. 9, pp. 3-20 [in Ukrainian].

10. Danylyshyn B. Economic transformations during martial law: the tactics of evolutionism and modernization. Economy of Ukraine, 2022, No. 10, pp. 3-14 [in Ukrainian].

11. Koziuk V. Post-war inflation targeting: key challenges. Economy of Ukraine, 2022, No. 10, pp. 15-34 [in Ukrainian].

12. Bublyk Ye. Strengthening foreign exchange regulation in Ukraine amid the escalation of hostilities. Economy of Ukraine, 2022, No. 10, pp. 35-50 [in Ukrainian].

13. Levin R., Yatsenko H. Perception of life values by Ukrainians and other Europeans in the context of Ukrainian refugees' integration in the EU. Economy of Ukraine, 2022, No. 10, pp. 51-60 [in Ukrainian].

14. Sidenko V. Challenges and risks of digital transformation: global and Ukrainian contexts. Economy of Ukraine, 2021, No. 5, pp. 40-58 [in Ukrainian].

15. Libanova E.M., Pozniak O.V., Tsymbal O.I. Scale and Consequences of Forced Migration of the Population of Ukraine as a Result of Armed Aggression of the Russian Federation. Demography and Social Economy, 2022, No. 2 (48), pp. 37-57 [in Ukrainian].

16. Kolot A., Herasymenko O. Noel formats of labor activity organization: nature, challenges, development trajectories. Economy of Ukraine, 2022, No. 5, pp. 59-75 [in Ukrainian].

17. Heyets V., Blyzniuk V., Nykyforuk O. Topical aspects of social quality policy in the post-conflict economy of Ukraine. Economy of Ukraine, 2022, No. 6, pp. 3-22 [in Ukrainian].

18. Zaloznova Yu., Azmuk N. Human capital of Ukraine in the conditions of war: losses and gains. Economy and society, 2022, No. 38 [in Ukrainian].

19. Novikova O.F., Ostafychuk Ya.V., Novak I.M. Changes in the regulatory and legal field of the social and labor sphere in the conditions of martial law: problems and prospects for improvement. Economy of Industry, 2022, No. 2 (98), pp. 75-90 [in Ukrainian].

20. Shamileva L.L., Khandii O.O. The Main Trends and Consequences of Deepening Imbalances in the Labor Sphere During the First Six Months of Martial Law in the Country. Herald of the Economic Sciences of Ukraine, 2022, No. 1, pp. 180-187 [in Ukrainian].

21. Pankova O., Kasperovich O. Ukrainian volunteer movement under conditions of armed Russian aggression: opportunities, national and global challenges for Ukraine's post-war recovery. Journal of European Economy, 2022, Vol. 21, No. 3 (82), pp. 270-287 [in Ukrainian].

22. Potapenko V., Holovka A., Valevskyi O. et al. The impact of migration on the socio-economic situation in Ukraine. Kyiv, 2023 [in Ukrainian].

23. Ryndzak O. Social vulnerability assessment: theoretical and methodological aspects. Economy of Ukraine, 2022, No. 6, pp. 54-65 [in Ukrainian].

24. Methodology and methods of determining integral social indicators. Yu.I. Sayenko (ed.). Kyiv, 2004 [in Ukrainian].

25. Shamileva L.L., Anisimova H.V., Panasenko I.V. Quantitative methods in sociological research. Vinnytsya, 2015 [in Ukrainian].

26. Novikova O.F., Shamileva L.L. Social justice in the processes of forced resettlement: evaluation and priorities of achievement. Demography and Social Economy, 2019, No. 2 (36), pp. 109-121 [in Ukrainian].

27. Pirozhkov S.I. Labor potential in demographic dimension. Kyiv, 1992 [in Russian].